The New Hampshire House yesterday approved on a 184-145 vote a bill to require judges give specific jury nullification instructions to jurors in criminal cases
HB 1270 as amended would replace an existing 2012 law with more specific language. The specific language was a key element for the House; legislators became infuriated after state courts failed to give nullification instructions based on the 2012 law and the state supreme court ruled the 2012 law did not require any specific nullification instructions.
The new law would contain 3 elements.
The first element essentially repeats the existing 2012 law although instead of the defense informing the jury, it would be the court doing so.
In all criminal proceedings the court shall
permit the defense toinform the jury of its right to judge the facts and the application of the law in relation to the facts in controversy.
The second element is a “Wentworth instruction” derived from State v. Wentworth, 118 N.H. 833 (1978)
At the request of the defendant or the defendant’s attorney, the court shall instruct the jury as follows: If you have a reasonable doubt as to whether the State has proved any one or more of the elements of the crime charged, you must find the defendant not guilty. However, if you find that the State has proved all of the elements of the offense charged beyond a reasonable doubt, you should find the defendant guilty.
The third element of the instructions by the court would be the nullification instruction
Even if you find that the state has proved all of the elements of the offense charged beyond a reasonable doubt, you may still find that based upon the facts of this case a guilty verdict will yield an unjust result, and you may find the defendant not guilty.
HB 1270 now goes to the Senate.