Plans to allow for the recall of various state officials, including judges, met with two very different outcomes in the last 24 hours. Yesterday the Alabama Senate Constitution, Campaign Finance, Ethics, and Elections Committee approved on a 3-2 vote SB 91, a constitutional amendment to allow for the recall of all “elected state officers” on the basis of
- Malfeasance or nonfeasance
- Lack of physical or mental fitness
- Violation of an oath of office
To hold a recall election, electors of the state or a particular judicial district would have to file a petition with signatures equal to 25% of the votes cast for the office in the last election.
This morning South Dakota’s House State Affairs Committee debated a similar measure, HB 1233. It would have covered any “elected official” including any “judicial officer of the state.” Like Alabama the signature threshold would have been 25%, however unlike Alabama it does not appear a particular cause or basis for recall would have to be alleged in the petition. The South Dakota plan was rejected 13-0 in committee.