New Mexico Amendment 1: expanding membership of judicial disciplinary commission; what do other states have?

October 18th, 2012 by Bill Raftery Leave a reply »

In November New Mexico voters will decide whether to expand the state’s judicial disciplinary commission, called the Judicial Standards Commission, by adding a magistrate judge and an additional member of public. Currently the Commission has a 3-2-6 balance: 3 judges, 2 lawyers, and 6 non-attorney members of the public.

States vary in terms of the raw number and overall ratio between judges, lawyers, and laypersons. New Mexico and 11 other states give half or more seats to lay persons. Moreover, over half of states (27) put changes to the membership of these commissions into their state’s constitution while another 10 make the membership of these commissions subject to court rule.

Details below the fold

State Body Membership set by Judges Lawyers Laypersons Others
Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission Constitution (Amendment 328) 4 2 3 0
Alabama Court of the Judiciary Constitution (Amendment 328) 3 2 0 0
Alaska Committee on Judicial Conduct Constitution (Art. IV, Sec. 10) 3 3 3 0
Arizona Commission on Judicial Conduct Constitution (Art. 6.1, Section 1) 6 2 3 0
Arkansas Judicial Discipline and Disability Commission Constitution (Amendment 66) 3 3 3 0
California Commission on Judicial Performance Constitution (Art. 6, Sec. 8) 3 2 6 0
Colorado Commission on Judicial Discipline Constitution (Art. VI, Sec. 23) 4 2 4 0
Connecticut Judicial Review Council Statute (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-51k) 3 3 6 0
Delaware Preliminary Committee of the Court on the Judiciary Court rule (Del. Jud. Ct. R. 3) 0 8 4 0
Delaware Court on the Judiciary Constitution (Art. IV, Sec. 37) 9 0 0 0
Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 12) 6 4 5 0
Georgia Judicial Qualifications Commission Constitution (Art. VI, Sec. VII, Para. V) 2 3 2 0
Hawaii Commission on Judicial Conduct Court rule (Rules of the Supreme Court of the State of Hawaii 8.1) 0 3 4 0
Idaho Judicial Council Statute (Idaho Code § 1-2101 & 1-2103) 2 2 3 0
Illinois Judicial Inquiry Board Constitution (Art. 6, Sec. 15) 2 3 4 0
Illinois Courts Commission Constitution (Art. 6, Sec. 15) 5 0 2 0
Indiana Judicial Qualifications Committee Constitution (Art. 7, Sec. 9) 1 3 3 0
Iowa Judicial Qualifications Commission Statute (Iowa Code 602.2102) 1 2 4 0
Kansas Commission on Judicial Qualifications Court Rule (Kan. Sup. Ct. Rule 602) 6 4 4 0
Kentucky Judicial Conduct Commission Constitution (Section 121) 3 1 2 0
Louisiana Judiciary Commission Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 25) 3 3 3 0
Maine Committee on Judicial Responsibility and Disability Court Rule (Me. R. Committee on Jud. Resp. & Dis. Order) 2 2 3 0
Maryland Commission on Judicial Disabilities Constitution (Art. IV, Sec. 4A) 3 3 5 0
Massachusetts Commission on Judicial Conduct Statute (MGL c. 211C) 3 3 3 0
Michigan Judicial Tenure Commission Constitution (Art. VII, Sec. 30) 5 2 2 0
Minnesota Board of Judicial Standards Statute (Minn. Stat. 490A.01) 3 2 4 0
Mississippi Commission on Judicial Performance Constitution (Art. 6, Sec. 177-A) 4 1 2 0
Missouri Commission on Retirement, Removal and Discipline Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 24) 2 2 2 0
Montana Judicial Standards Commission Constitution (Art. VII, Sec. 11) 2 1 2 0
Nebraska Commission on Judicial Qualification Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 28) 4 3 3 0
Nevada Commission on Judicial Discipline Constitution (Art. VI, Sec. 21) 2 2 3 0
New Hampshire Supreme Court Committee on Judicial Conduct Court Rule (Sup. Ct. R.39(2)) 3 1 6 1 current/former clerk
New Jersey Advisory Committee on Judicial Conduct Court Rule (N.J. Court Rule 2:15-2) 3 3 3 0
New Mexico Judicial Standards Commission Constitution (Art. VI, Sec. 32) 3 2 6 0
New York Commission on Judicial Conduct Constitution (Art. VI, Sec. 22) 4 1 6 0
North Carolina Judicial Standards Commission Statute (N.C. Gen. Stat. 7A-375) 5 4 4 0
North Dakota Commission on Judicial Conduct Statute (N.D. Cen. Code. 27-23-02) 2 1 4 0
Ohio Board of Commissioners on Grievances & Discipline Court Rule (Ohio Gov. Bar. Rule V ) 7 17 4 0
Oklahoma Court on the Judiciary, Trial Division Constitution (Art. 7A, Sec. 2) 8 1 0 0
Oklahoma Court on the Judiciary, Appellate Division Constitution (Art. 7A, Sec. 2) 8 1 0 0
Oklahoma Council on Judicial Complaints Statute (20 Okl. St. 1653) 0 2 1 0
Oregon Commission of Judicial Fitness and Disability Statute (ORS 1.410) 3 3 3 0
Pennsylvania Judicial Conduct Board Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 18) 3 3 6 0
Pennsylvania Court of Judicial Discipline Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 18) 4 2 2 0
Rhode Island Commission on Judicial Tenure and Discipline Statute (R.I. Gen. Laws § 8-16-1) 6 3 7 0
South Carolina Commission on Judicial Conduct Court Rule (Rule for Judicial Disciplinary Enforcement 3) 14 4 8 0
South Dakota Judicial Qualifications Commission Statute (SDCL 16-1A-2) 2 3 2 0
Tennessee Court of the Judiciary (renamed Board of Judicial Conduct in 2012) Statute (Tenn. Code Ann. § 17-5-201) 10 3 3 0
Texas State Commission on Judicial Conduct Constitution (Art. V, Sec. 1-a) 6 2 5 0
Utah Judicial Conduct Commission Statute (Utah Code Ann. § 78A-11-103) 2 2 3 4 legislators
Vermont Judicial Conduct Board Court rule (Vt. Disciplinary Control Rule 4) 2 2 3 0
Virginia Judicial Inquiry and Review Statute (Va. Code Ann. § 17.1-901) 3 2 2 0
Washington Commission on Judicial Conduct Constitution (Art. IV, Sec. 31) 3 2 6 0
West Virginia Judicial Investigation Commission Court Rule (W. Va. Jud. Disciplinary Proc., Rule 1.1) 5 0 3 1 person may be mental hygiene commissioner, juvenile referee, special commissioner, special master, or former state or federal judge
West Virginia Judicial Hearing Board Court Rule (W. Va. Jud. Disciplinary Proc., Rule 3.1) 3 3 3 0
Wisconsin Judicial Commission Statute (Wis. Stat. 757.83) 2 2 5 0
Wyoming Commission on Judicial Conduct and Ethics Constitution (Art. 5, Sec. 6) 3 3 6 0

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