The Florida Supreme Court’s power to set rules of practice and procedure are among the broadest in the nation, as well as among the hardest to be overridden by the legislature. The Judiciary Article of the state constitution holds:
The supreme court shall adopt rules for the practice and procedure in all courts including the time for seeking appellate review, the administrative supervision of all courts, the transfer to the court having jurisdiction of any proceeding when the jurisdiction of another court has been improvidently invoked, and a requirement that no cause shall be dismissed because an improper remedy has been sought…Rules of court may be repealed by general law enacted by two-thirds vote of the membership of each house of the legislature.
Two newly elected members of Florida’s House, however, attempted to transfer the rule making power as to death penalty cases directly to the legislature. HJR 73 of 2011 (as filed on December 16, 2010) would have added a section to the Legislative Article that read:
Notwithstanding any other provision of this constitution, the Legislature by general law shall adopt rules governing time limits, procedures, and processes relating to all death penalty cases and related proceedings in all courts.
The state bar’s Board of Governors on December 10 adopted a legislative position against any effort to alter the Supreme Court’s rule making power:
Opposes amendment of Article V, Section 2(a) of the Florida Constitution that would alter the Supreme Court’s authority to adopt rules for practice and procedure in all courts, or that would change the manner by which such rules may be repealed by the Legislature.
On December 30, precisely two weeks after the Constitutional Amendment was proposed, it was withdrawn by its sponsors.